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Law and Criminology: Referencing


One of the major features of academic writing is acknowledging the books, journal articles and other information sources that you have used, usually by citing them one-by-one in your assignment and listing them all at the end in a bibliography. Often there are many marks for doing this correctly so it is a skill worth learning as soon as you can.

Take a look at the Department's own guide  and the other resources on this page.  For further advice on referencing and citation, contact your Subject Librarian.

Online Course

Epigeum online course

  • Do the Epigeum Avoiding Plagiarism online tutorial and gain the certificate to show you understand what constitutes plagiarism and how to avoid it!
  • This FAQ explains how to register for the tutorial
  • Epigeum focusses on the Harvard style which is the recommended referencing style for Criminology, but not Law (where OSCOLA is the recommended style - see the 'OSCOLA' box). However, the tutorial will help students of both subjects to understand the concepts and principles of successful referencing in academic assignments.

Discover these and more in the library

Search Primo to find further titles or browse the Effective Study Collection on Level F Hugh Owen .

Contact information

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Lloyd Roderick
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Free courses

There are a number of free courses that you could attend focusing specifically on referencing:

Book shelves



OSCOLA (Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities) is a referencing style commonly used in the study of law.

You can find examples of how to cite legislation, case law, books, articles and other commonly used documents in the

OSCOLA Quick Reference Guide

The complete OSCOLA guide (4th edition) is also available in full, and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial - Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales license.